Do You Know About Taffeta Fabric?

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Update time : 2022-08-04 11:53:28

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Taffeta Fabric is a light, crisp, and smooth plain fabric made of silk or copper ammonium rayon. The word is derived from the Persian word meaning "twisted weave". It is considered a "premium" fabric for ball gowns, wedding dresses, and upholstery fabrics such as curtains or wallpaper. It is also widely used in the manufacture of corsets and bodices and has superiority over other fabrics for shaping.

What Is Taffeta Fabric?
What Is Taffeta Fabric

Taffeta, also known as taffeta silk, is a kind of cooked woven high-grade silk fabric with a plain weave. The warp yarn is made of double twist silk, and the weft silk is made of single twist silk in parallel, with the plain weave organization as the ground. The density of the weave is high, and it is one of the closest varieties of silk weaving.

Taffeta Fabric History.
Taffeta Fabric History

Taffeta fabrics originated in France in the 1930s and later spread to China. In 1950, the taffeta products of the factory were exhibited for the first time in seven European countries on behalf of China and became a sensation in the European market. From 1955 to 1959, the production and sales of taffeta hit a record high. In 1981, the British royal family ordered 14 hides of 420 yards of dark green lotus taffeta for Princess Diana to make her wedding dress. Once again, the international market has created a taffeta wave. 

How Is Taffeta Fabric Made?

Taffeta Processing Technology

As the product is a full silk high-grade fabric, the process is long and complicated, and the weaving requirements are high.

Requirements.

  • a. silk surface weaving small blemishes very little;
  • b. without willow in the warp direction (color willow, button willow, etc.).
  • c. weft to no file (weft hair, cross-roof, tight fiber, color file);
  • d. silk surface flat and no wrinkle marks;
  • e. good fat light and very plump;
  • f. color fastness more than three. The color is bright.


The Main Process of Taffeta Fabric.

Despite the simple structure of the fabric, each process is quite strict, so careful design and operation are quite important. The main process flow:

Warp direction: raw material picking - twisting - merging - twisting - self-setting - twisting - dyeing - winding - warping - weaving

Weft direction: raw material picking - winding - twisting - twisting - twisting - self-setting - twisting - dyeing - winding - weft winding - weaving

Finishing of The Fabric

After the taffeta fabric is finished weaving, it needs to go through the finishing process in the finished product workshop, such as initial inspection, re-inspection, sampling, finishing, packaging, etc. and can be sold only after passing the commercial inspection. The light is used in the inspection of the north light. The inspection is carried out according to the national or seal sample standards. The finishing process includes picking and staining. The finishing process should be clean, and the defects of the weaving should be perfected as far as possible. Weeding should be free of watermarks and drop crease marks. When packing the tube rolls, they should be flat and without wrinkle marks and packed in boxes strictly according to the varieties and color numbers. 

What Are The Advantages and Disadvantages of Taffeta?

The silk surface of taffeta is fine and smooth, flat and beautiful, with good luster, tightly woven and stiff to the touch. However, it is easy to produce permanent creases after folding. Therefore, it is not suitable for folding and heavy pressure, commonly used in roll packaging. There are many varieties of taffeta, according to the raw materials used: silk taffeta, double palace silk taffeta, silk-cotton interwoven taffeta, silk weft taffeta, rayon taffeta. Mainly used as women's spring and autumn clothing, festival dresses, down jacket fabrics, etc...

What Are Different Types of Taffeta Fabric?

According to the raw material used is divided into silk taffeta, double palace silk taffeta, silk-cotton interwoven taffeta, silk weft taffeta, rayon taffeta, polyester silk taffeta, etc.

According to the weaving process: plain taffeta, shiny taffeta, striped taffeta, jacquard taffeta, etc.

Plain taffeta is woven with a single color of dyed and cooked silk. Flash taffeta uses the different colors of warp and weft yarns to form a flash effect after weaving. The striped taffeta is made by using different color warp and connecting yarns arranged at regular intervals to form a striped effect after weaving. Jacquard taffeta, known as flower taffeta,  is woven on the plain ground of plain taffeta with a satin warp pattern.

Polyester taffeta is a kind of all-polyester thin fabric with specifications of 190T, 250T, etc. The general market price is 2-2.5 yuan/meter.

Polyester taffeta is suitable for jackets, umbrellas, car covers, sportswear, marine umbrella, handbag, luggage, sleeping bag, tent, artificial flower, shower curtains, tablecloths, chair covers, and other kinds of high-grade clothing lining.

170T, 180T, 190T, 210T, 230T, 240T, 260T, and 300T (Poly100%) can be coated with PA, PU, PVC, gold, silver, white, red, black, super water repellent and a series of other post-processing treatments.

Conclusions.

This is the end of the introduction of Taffeta Fabric, for more information about Taffeta and our advantages, certificates, etc., please feel free to contact us.

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